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Evidence 1

Improve Reading Skills by Re-establishing the Link Between the Spoken and Written Word

Posted by Constant Therapy
Constant Therapy

Word Identification is a Constant Therapy mobile app task that proven to help with reading, and also with naming.

Reading and naming are complicated tasks, and are very connected. We often take reading for granted, and we especially take for granted the ability to think of a word we want (naming). Yet after a stroke or other injury to the brain, these abilities can be significantly affected.

The process of reading involves thinking about the sounds behind words. Re-instating our understanding of what sounds go together and form distinct words can actually help with naming as well. It’s not just the meaning of a word that we need in order to think of it – we also need to know which sounds make up the specific word we want.

Constant Therapy has a great task that works on this concept of matching specific sound combinations with certain words, while also working on reading. This task can even be used for children working on their reading skill.  

In Word Identification, a word is read aloud and the user then chooses which written word matches. If you need to be reminded of the word you’re looking for, you can just press the audio button again.

The following studies included tasks similar to our word identificaton task:

Corsten, S., et al., Treatment of input and output phonology in aphasia: A single case study. Aphasiology, 2007. 21(6-8): p. 587-603.

  • In this study, the authors worked with a patient who had Wernicke’s aphasia along with significant difficulties with his sub-lexical phonological processing. The authors used a computer-based program, and the patient showed significant improvement in terms of reading.

Annoni, J.M., et al., Advantage of semantic language therapy in chronic aphasia: a study of three cases. Aphasiology, 1998. 12(12): p. 1093-1105.

  • This study examined semantic (meaning based) and phonological (sound based) treatment approaches with patients who had semantic and/or phonologic difficulties. The authors found that the patients with semantic involvement responded to the treatment and made excellent improvements in naming, even when working with not only meaning based therapy, but also phonological therapy.

Franklin, S., F. Buerk, and D. Howard, Generalised improvement in speech production for a subject with reproduction conduction aphasia. Aphasiology, 2002. 16(10-11): p. 1087-1114.

  • In this study, the patient received therapy for both discriminating between phonemes (speech sounds) and speech production. The patient improved not only in naming (coming up with a desired word), but also in oral reading (reading out loud), and repetition. And here’s another awesome part – the therapy effects were still there even 4 months after treatment.

Per usual, thank you, thank you to all of the amazing researchers out there who have provided and continue to provide evidence that helps drive therapy! Without this research, we couldn’t provide our evidence-based tasks.

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Constant Therapy is an award-winning cognitive and speech therapy app, created for survivors of stroke, brain injury, and other neurogenic disorders.

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